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175th Infantry Regiment, Maryland Army National Guard

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Arms of 175th Infantry Regiment, Maryland Army National Guard

(Coat of Arms)
Arms of 175th Infantry Regiment, Maryland Army National Guard

(Distinctive Unit Insignia)

Official blazon

Shield: Azure two pallets Argent, a torteau charged witha swan's head erased of the second, on achief paly of six Or and Sable a bend counterchanged, a bayonet (circa 1776) fesswise Silver.
Crest: That for the Regiments and Separate Battalions of the Maryland Army National Guard: On a wreath of the color Argent and Azure, a cross bottony per cross quarterly Gules and Argent.
Motto: Decus et praesidium

Distinctive Unit Insignia. Description: A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 5/16 inches (3.33 cm) in height consisting of a cross bottony quarterly Gules and Argent surmounted by a Gray roundel bearing the number "5" in Gold within a Red belt garnished Gold with the inscription "DECUS ET PRAESIDIUM" in Gold letters.


The Colours Blue and White are the new and old Infantry facings, indicating that the Regiment has been infantry since formation. The five stripes of the field indicates participation in the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, War between the States (Confederate Service) and both World Wars. It also indicates the former designation as 5th Regiment 1794-1941. The red roundel (torteau) indicates the Red Uniforms of the Baltimore Independent Cadets, the Initial uniformed militia company of the Colony of Maryland. This uniform was later adopted during the Revolutionary War by Smallwood's Regiment of the Maryland Line. The Swan is from the Coat of Arms ot the Gist family and commemorates Mordecai Gist who on 3 December 1774 organised and commanded the Baltimore Independent Cadets, the parent unit of the Regiment. The black and gold pattern on the chief is from the reverse side of the Great Seal of the proprietary Colony of Maryland, the fmaily coat of arms of the Calverts, under whose authority Mordecai Giust organised the unit. The abynet is representative of the its introduction to Armerican Arms in the Battle of long Island 1776 by the Maryland Line. The Crest is that for Regiments and Separate Battalions of the Maryland Army National Guard.It is from the Crossland part of the Coat of Arms of the Maryland Seal. The Motto translates as "A Honour and a Guard".

Distinctive Unit Insignia: The red color of the annulet is symbolic of the red uniforms of the Baltimore Independent Cadets, the military forebears of the Regiment, which during the War of the Revolution were incorporated in Smallwood's Regiment of the Maryland Line. Superimposed on the annulet is a belt of military design and origin containing the inscription "Decus Et Praesidium," the regimental motto which is translated "An Honour and a Guard." The belt is the heraldic symbol of knighthood and identifies the insignia as being of the military order, while the gray field represents the Confederate Service in the War Between the States. The numeral "5," the historic designation of the regiment, was assigned following the Revolutionary War by act of the General Assembly of Maryland in 1794. The insignia is the design of the Crossland Arms, Alicia Crossland having been the mother of George Calvert, first Baron of Baltimore and planner of the colony of Maryland. The insignia symbolizes the historic record of the regiment from 1774 to 1931. The cross bottony forms the escutcheon, and the annulet represents the five most significant periods in the regiment's history until the time of adoption: 1774--the organization of the Baltimore Independent Cadets; 1776--the Revolutionary War; 1814--War of 1812; 1861--The war Between the States, Confederate Service; and 1918--World War I.

The Coat of Arms and Distinctive Unit Insignia was approved on 9 July 1958.

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Literature: The Institute of Heraldry, US Army