National Arms of Latvia

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NATIONAL ARMS OF LATVIA

Arms of Latvia/Latvijas ģerbonis

Official blason

Lielā valsts ģerboņa vairogs ir dalīts un pusskaldīts: 1. — zilā laukā uzlecošas zelta saules puse, 2. — sudraba laukā pretēji pagriezts sarkans lauva (Kurzeme, Zemgale), 3. — sarkanā laukā sudraba grifs ar zelta mēli un sudraba zobenu labajā ķetnā (Vidzeme, Latgale). Virs vairoga puslokā trīs zelta zvaigznes. Vairoga turētāji — labajā pusē sarkans lauva ar zelta mēli, kreisajā pusē sudraba grifs ar zelta mēli — balstās uz diviem zaļiem ozola zariem, kas saņemti ar sarkansudrabsarkanu lenti valsts karoga krāsu samēros.

Origin/meaning

The arms were officially adopted on June 15, 1921.

In 1918 the newly created Republic of Latvia confirmed its first coat of arms. It was the rising sun with letter "L" and three stars. The rising sun symbolized the birth of new nation, "L" meant Latvia and three stars symbolized three historical regions of Latvia: Kurzeme (with Zemgale and Selija), Vidzeme and Latgale.

In the 1921 version the sun and stars remained, but the stars were placed above the shield.The two quarters in base each represent a part of the country: Courland and Semigallia (Kurzeme and Zemgale) making Western Latvia, are symbolised by a red lion. Livonia and Lettgallia (Vidzeme and Latgale) making Eastern Latvia, are symbolized by a griffin. These symbols are repeated by the supporters.

The garland of oak symbolizes power and endurance and refers to the holy oak-tree of the ancient lettonians.

The arms can also be used in simpler versions:

Arms of Latvia

The middle arms
Arms of Latvia

The small arms

For the Latvian Soviet Republic of 1940-1991 a soviet-style national emblem was adopted:

Arms of Latvia

The emblem from 1940-1991
Arms of National Arms of Latvia

The arms on a 1923 coin
Arms of National Arms of Latvia

The arms on a 2014 coin

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