Federal Subjects of Russia

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Russia is divided into 83 Federal Subjects, which can be divided into different classes, such as Republics, Territoires, Provinces and more.

The two federal cities (Moscow and Saint Petersburg) are not listed here.


Republics are nominally autonomous; each is tasked with drafting its own constitution, direct-elected head of republic or a similar post, and parliament. Republics are allowed to establish their own official language alongside Russian but are represented by the federal government in international affairs. Republics are meant to be home to specific ethnic minorities.

  1. Adygea
  2. Altai Republic
  3. Bashkortostan
  4. Buryatia
  5. Dagestan
  6. Ingushetia
  7. Kabardino-Balkaria
  8. Kalmykia
  9. Karachay-Cherkessia
  10. Karelia
  11. Komi
  12. Mariy El
  13. Mordovia
  14. Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
  15. North Ossetia-Alania
  16. Tatarstan
  17. Tuva
  18. Udmurtia
  19. Khakassia
  20. Chechnya
  21. Chuvashia

Provinces (Oblasts)

Oblasts are provices with locally elected governor and legislature.

  1. Amur Oblast
  2. Arkhangelsk Oblast
  3. Astrakhan Oblast
  4. Belgorod Oblast
  5. Bryansk Oblast
  6. Chelyabinsk Oblast
  7. Chita Oblast (former)
  8. Irkutsk Oblast
  9. Ivanovo Oblast
  10. Kaliningrad Oblast
  11. Kaluga Oblast
  12. Kemerovo Oblast
  13. Kirov Oblast
  14. Kostroma Oblast
  15. Kurgan Oblast
  16. Kursk Oblast
  17. Leningrad Oblast
  18. Lipetsk Oblast
  19. Magadan Oblast
  20. Moscow Oblast
  21. Murmansk Oblast
  22. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  23. Novgorod Oblast
  24. Novosibirsk Oblast
  25. Omsk Oblast
  26. Orenburg Oblast
  27. Oryol Oblast
  28. Penza Oblast
  29. Pskov Oblast
  30. Rostov Oblast
  31. Ryazan Oblast
  32. Sakhalin Oblast
  33. Samara Oblast
  34. Saratov Oblast
  35. Smolensk Oblast
  36. Sverdlovsk Oblast
  37. Tambov Oblast
  38. Tomsk Oblast
  39. Tver Oblast
  40. Tula Oblast
  41. Tyumen Oblast
  42. Ulyanovsk Oblast
  43. Vladimir Oblast
  44. Volgograd Oblast
  45. Vologda Oblast
  46. Voronezh Oblast
  47. Yaroslavl Oblast

Territories (Krai)

Territories are basically oblasts. The "territory" designation is historic, originally given to frontier regions and later also to the administrative divisions that comprised autonomous okrugs or autonomous oblasts.

  1. Altai Krai
  2. Kamchatka Krai
  3. Khabarovsk Krai
  4. Krasnodar Krai
  5. Krasnoyarsk Krai
  6. Perm Krai
  7. Primorsky Krai
  8. Stavropol Krai
  9. Zabaykalsky Krai

Autonomous province

  1. Jewish Autonomous Region

Autonomous districts

These are originally autonomous entities within oblasts and krais created for ethnic minorities, their status was elevated to that of federal subjects in the 1990s. With the exception of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, all autonomous okrugs are still administratively subordinated to a krai or an oblast of which they are a part.

  1. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
  2. Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
  3. Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  4. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Former Autonomous Districts

  1. Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug
  2. Evenk Autonomous District
  3. Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug
  4. Koryak Autonomous Okrug
  5. Taymyr Autonomous District
  6. Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous District

Historical/Obsolete republics, krai and oblasts

  1. Ukhta (republic)
  2. Tobolsk Region (pre 1917)
  3. Yakutsk Region (pre 1917)